The Nasdaq Composite just logged its 66th correction since 1971—here’s what history says happens next in the stock market

The Nasdaq Composite Index

on Wednesday booked its first close in correction territory since March with a rapid surge in Treasury yields, and expectations for interest-rate increases from the Federal Reserve blamed for the weakness in the once-highflying benchmark.

The technology-heavy index is off to a terrible start, down 8.3% so far in 2022, closing out Wednesday down 1.2% at 14,340.26, putting it down 10.69% below its Nov. 19 record peak, and meeting the common definition for a correction in an asset’s value.

The benchmark also finished below its 200-day moving average for the first time since April of 2020 on Tuesday.

Read: Stock-market warning signal: Here’s what surging bond yields say about S&P 500 returns in next 6 months

The index has registered a correction, as defined, 65 times (not including Wednesday’s) since it was first launched in 1971 and of those corrections, 24 of them, or 37%, have resulted in bear markets, or declines of at least 20% from a recent peak.

More recently, corrections have served as buying opportunities, with the sojourn into correction on March 8 resulting in subsequent gains for the one-week, two-week, three week, one-month, periods, going all the way out to six months. A similar uptrend took hold when the Nasdaq Composite slipped into correction territory in early September of 2020.

Dow Jones Market Data

Looking more broadly at the performance of the Nasdaq Composite over the past 65 times it has fallen 10% from a peak, it has finished positive on average, up 0.8%, in the week after, but returns over that first month are weak, until the benchmark breaks through into the three-month period and beyond, where average gains are 2.2%.

Dow Jones Market Data

U.S. stocks have been falling since the start of the year, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average

and the S&P 500 index

all down sharply in the month to date, as Treasury yields rise in anticipation of the Federal Reserve tightening monetary policy this year. The rate-setting Federal Open Market Committee next meets on Jan. 25-26 and is likely to set the stage for a series of rate increases, and policy tightenings as it combats inflation.

Read: The 60/40 portfolio ‘is in danger’ as Federal Reserve gears up for a rate-hike cycle in coming months

With the policy meeting looming, the yield on the 10-year Treasury note BX:TMUBMUSD10Y was trading around 1.83% on Wednesday, while the 2-year Treasury note BX:TMUBMUSD02Y, which is more sensitive to Fed policy expectations, also has been on the ascent.

Check out: Here’s how the Federal Reserve may shrink its $8.77 trillion balance sheet to combat high inflation

Rising yields are weighing on yield-sensitive tech stocks and growth themed areas of the market as a rapid rise in interest rates makes their future cash flows less valuable, and in turn makes the popular stocks appear overvalued, and that is causing a broad recalibration of tech and tech-related shares that populate the Nasdaq.

—Ken Jimenez contributed to this article

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